What is Staph Infection?
A staph infection is caused by a Staphylococcus (or “staph”) bacteria. Actually, about 25% of people normally carry staph in the nose, mouth, genitals, or anal area, and don’t have symptoms of an infection. The foot is also very prone to picking up bacteria from the floor.
Staph infections may cause disease due to direct infection or due to the production of toxins by the bacteria. Boils, impetigo, food poisoning, cellulitis, and toxic shock syndrome are all examples of diseases that can be caused by Staphylococcus.
The infection often begins with a little cut, which gets infected with bacteria. This can look like honey-yellow crusting on the skin.
Staph infections are treated with topical, oral, or intravenous antibiotics, depending upon the type of infection.
Symptoms Staph Infection
Symptoms of staph Infection disease of the skin include pus-filled abscess
es (also called boils or furuncles). Pain, swelling, and redness in the area of the infection is common, along with drainage of pus. If the staph infection is in the blood (called bacteremia or sepsis) symptoms can include fever, chills, and low blood pressure (hypotension).
The signs of cellulitis are those of any inflammation — redness, warmth, swelling, and pain. Any skin sore or ulcer that has these signs may be developing cellulitis. If the staph infection spreads, the person may develop a fever, sometimes with chills and sweats, as well as swelling in the area.
Other staph infections of the skin include impetigo, a painful rash that is contagious, boils, and in babies and young children, staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome, which causes rash, blisters, and fever.
Causes of Staph Infection
Staphylococcus is a group of bacteria (microbe or germ) that can cause a number of infectious diseases in various tissues of the body. Staphylococcus is more familiarly known as staph (pronounced “staff”). Staph-related illness can range from mild and requiring no treatment to severe and potentially fatal.
The name Staphylococcus comes from the Greek staphyle, meaning a bunch of grapes, and kokkos, meaning berry, and that is what staph bacteria look like under the microscope, like a bunch of grapes or little round berries. (In technical terms, these are gram-positive, facultative anaerobic, usually unencapsulated cocci.)
Over 30 different types of staphylococci can infect humans, but most infections are caused by Staphylococcus aureus. Staphylococci can be found normally in the nose and on the skin (and less commonly in other locations) of around 25%-30% of healthy adults and in 25% of hospital or medical workers.
Types of Diseases Caused by Staph Infection
Staphylococcus causes many different types of infections. Most of the infections cause localized inflammation or pockets of infection known as abscesses. Superficial skin infections such as impetigo (a crusting of the skin) or cellulitis (an infection of the skin layers) are the most common. Breastfeeding women can get a staph infection of the breast called mastitis, which can release bacteria into the mother’s milk. Staph bacteria in the lungs can cause pneumonia. When a Staph infection gets into the bone it can cause osteomyelitis. Staph infection in the blood can also infect the heart or heart valves (endocarditis). If the Staph infection gets into the bloodstream it can spread to other organs and cause severe and life-threatening infections (bacteremia or sepsis). Sepsis can lead to shock or multi-organ failure, which can rapidly lead to death.
When staph bacteria are present in the blood (infection of the bloodstream), the condition is known as staphylococcal bacteremia. Staphylococcal sepsis, characterized by low blood pressure, fever, and chills is caused by staphylococcal bacteremia. Staphylococcal sepsis is a leading cause of shock, circulatory collapse, and death in people with severe burns over large areas of the body. When untreated, S. aureus sepsis carries a mortality (death) rate of over 80%. Although not common, S. aureushas been reported as a cause of chorioamnionitis and neonatal sepsis in pregnancy, but group B streptococci are the most common bacterial cause of this life-threatening condition for the fetus.
When the Staph bacteria spread to other organs, they may cause various conditions:
- Staphylococcal pneumonia predominantly affects people with underlying lung
- disease and can lead to abscess formation within the lungs.
- Infection of the heart valves (endocarditis) can lead to heart failure.
- Spread of staphylococci to the bones can result in severe inflammation of the bones known as osteomyelitis. Septic arthritis occurs when staphylococci infect a joint space.
- Thrombophlebitis occurs when the bacteria infect a vein. Thrombophlebitis from staphylococci most frequently occurs in hospitalized patients at the site of a venous catheter.
Staphylococcal infections are contagious and can be transmitted from person to person. Since pus from infected wounds may contain the bacteria, proper hygiene and hand washing is required when caring for staph-infected wounds.
Staphylococcal food poisoning is an illness of the bowels that causes nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and dehydration. It is caused by eating foods contaminated with toxins produced by Staphylococcus aureus rather than a true infection with the bacteria. Symptoms usually develop within one to six hours after eating contaminated food. The illness usually lasts for one to three days and resolves on its own. Patients with this illness are not contagious since toxins are not transmitted from one person to another.
- Toxic shock syndrome is an illness caused by toxins secreted by S. aureus bacteria growing under conditions in which there is little or no oxygen. Toxic shock syndrome is characterized by the sudden onset of high fever, vomiting, diarrhea, and muscle aches, followed by low blood pressure (hypotension), which can lead to shock and death. There is often a rashresembling sunburn, with peeling of skin. Toxic shock syndrome was originally described and still occurs especially in menstruating women using tampons.
Complications of Staph Infections
Scalded skin syndrome is a potentially serious side effect of infection with staph bacteria that produce a specific protein that loosens the “cement” holding the various layers of the skin together. This allows blister formation and sloughing of the top layer of skin. If it occurs over large body regions, it can be deadly, similar to a large surface area of the body having been burned. It is necessary to treat scalded skin syndrome with intravenous antibiotics and to protect the skin from allowing dehydration to occur if large areas peel off. The disease occurs predominantly in children but can occur in anyone. It is known formally as staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome.
Prevention of Staph Infections
There is no vaccine currently available to prevent Staphylococcus aureus.
Preventing Staph remains the best defense against contracting an infection.
A staph infection is contagious if the wound is weeping or draining and if people share towels or other items that are contaminated. Wearing foot coverings in locker rooms and other commonly used areas can help prevent contamination.
If the sore becomes unusually painful or red, get prompt medical attention. If red lines develop, that’s a sign the infection is spreading and needs immediate medical attention.
Medical Treatment for Staph Infection
Antibiotics are used to treat staph infections. But there’s been a gradual change in how well these antibiotics work. While most staph infections used to be treatable with penicillin, stronger antibiotics are now used.
There’s another treatment sometimes used with staph infections. If the infection goes so deep that it involves muscles or fibers that enclose muscles, it needs to be surgically cleaned.
Natural Herbal Treatment For Staph Infection (Staphylococcus Aureus)
For treatment of Staph Infection, you can contact us or subscribe to our page;
+2348097612915 or +2349025103701 or +447875665733
Whatsapp number: +2348097612915
Office Address: No 3 , Tasmaq Streeet, Agboroko Off lasu Road, Iyana-Iba, Lagos
Why you should consult us:
-We make herbal formulations specific for Staph Infection.
-More attention is paid to your treatment until you gain your health.
-Our Staph Infection treatment have a tract record of getting results.
-Our medicines come in liquids, Soaps And Creams as prepared in the ancient times.
-Our formulas are ancient formulas with proven record for success in Staph Infection treatment.
-Our treatment are cost-effective.
-We send medicines to any part of the country or the world.
-Our Staph Infection formulas are effective, safe and no toxic or harmful side effects because they are well researched and they are harvested in pollution-free environment to prevent heavy metals in the formulations.
-No esoterism, fetism or incantation is involved in the formulations. They are purely scientific
-They are prepared hygienically and in good condition.
Thanks for taking your time to read this article.