What is Tinnitus?
Tinnitus a ringing, buzzing, swishing, clicking, or other type of noise that seems to originate in the ear or head rather than from an external source.
Tinnitus is the hearing of sound when no external sound is present. While often described as a ringing, it may also sound like a clicking, hiss or roaring. Rarely, unclear voices or music are heard. The sound may be soft or loud, low pitched or high pitched and appear to be coming from one ear or both. Most of the time, it comes on gradually. In some people, the sound causes depression or anxiety and can interfere with concentration.
Tinnitus is not an illness itself but a symptom of other conditions, such as:
- Hearing loss
- Ear infection
- Ear wax buildup
- Loud noise exposure
- Ear trauma
- Certain medications
- Meniere’s disease
- Brain tumors or other tumors near the ear
- Blood flow problems
- Overactive thyroid
Where Does the Condition Originate?
Tinnitus can arise in any of the four sections of the hearing system. They include the:
- Outer ear
- Middle ear
- Inner ear
Some tinnitus or “head noise” is normal. A number of techniques and treatments may be of help, depending on the cause.
What Diseases, Conditions, and Medications Cause Tinnitus Symptoms?
Tinnitus is not a disease in itself but rather a reflection of something else going on in the hearing system or brain.
Hearing loss: Probably the most common cause for tinnitus is hearing loss. As we age, or because of trauma to the ear (through noise, drugs, or chemicals), the portion of the ear that allows us to hear, the cochlea, becomes damaged. Current theories suggest that because the cochlea is no longer sending the normal signals to the brain, the brain becomes confused and essentially develops its own noise to make up for the lack of normal sound signals. This then is interpreted as a sound, tinnitus. This tinnitus can be made worse by anything that makes our hearing worse, such as ear infections or excess wax in the ear.
Trauma: If tinnitus is caused by trauma to the ear it usually is noticed in both ears, because both ears generally are exposed to the same noises, drugs, and other influences.
Exposure to loud noise: Loud noise exposure is a very common cause of tinnitus today, and it often damages hearing as well. Unfortunately, many people are unconcerned about the harmful effects of excessively loud noise from firearms, high intensity music, or other sources. Twenty-six million American adults have suffered noise-induced hearing loss, according to the NIDCD.
Medications: Drugs such as aspirin (if overused), aminoglycoside antibiotics(a powerful form of infection-fighting drug), and quinine. More than 200 different drugs are known to have tinnitus as a side effect.
Meniere’s disease: Symptoms include dizziness, tinnitus, and fullness in the ear or hearing loss that can last for hours, but then goes away. This disease is actually caused by a problem in the ear itself. The tinnitus is merely a symptom.
Acoustic neuroma: This is a rare subjective cause of tinnitus, and includes a certain type of brain tumor known as an acoustic neuroma. The tumors grow on the nerve that supplies hearing and can cause tinnitus. This type of the condition usually are only noticed in one ear, unlike the more common sort caused by hearing loss usually seen in both ears. Causes of objective tinnitus are usually easier to find.
Home remedies for tinnitus
Apple cider vinegar: If you have an underlying infection that is causing tinnitus, then apple cider vinegar may help with the infection thanks to the home remedies antibacterial and antifungal properties.
Holy basil: Holy basil can be made into a paste and put into the ear to help clear out any bacterial infections.
Onions: Onions contain antibacterial properties. Put a few drops of the juice of a heated up onion into your ear to clear out bacteria.
Garlic: Garlic can be used to treat tinnitus caused by high altitudes or cold weather as it helps reduce inflammation. Make a paste with sesame oil and garlic and add a few drops into your ear.
Saline solution: Saline solution can help with tinnitus caused by blocked nasal passages. A saline solution can be sprayed with a nasal spray to help clear passages.
Mustard oil: Mustard oil is an antifungal agent, so it can help clear infections and boost the immune system.
Pumpkin: Pumpkin is packed with vitamin A, and a deficiency in vitamin A has been found to contribute to tinnitus.
Pineapple: Pineapple can help lessen inflammation and also contains vitamin A.